Principles of Asthma Management
The principles of asthma management will help guide your approach:
Asthma: Module A, Pathophysiology
- Long-term, ongoing care is required
- Prevention of acute episodes is a key
- Early treatment of symptoms is important
- Objective measurement of disease severity should guide management
- Activities should be based on understanding pathophysiology of asthma
Traumatic Wounds: Frostbite
Frostbite is a severe type of cold injury. Localized tissue freezing is classified into four degrees of tissue damage:
Wound Care: Module B, Assessment and Complications
- First-degree – Hyperemia and edema without blistering
- Second-degree - Hyperemia and edema with large clear blisters
- Third-degree – Death of subcutaneous tissues and skin with hemorrhagic vesicles
- Fourth-degree – Tissue necrosis, gangrene and eventually full-thickness tissue loss
Advocate for Pt and Payer
Advocacy is both a primary case manager role function and a performance indicator. While the case manager's main advocacy focus is on the patient and the patient's family, the HCM should also advocate for the payer in order "to facilitate positive outcomes".
The case manager will advocate for the client/family at the service/delivery level, the benefits-administration level, and at the policy-making level.
[Reference: Patient Advocacy: Module A, Advocacy and Case Management]
LVH, Age Increase Risk for Cognitive Decline
A new study found that high blood pressure and other known risk factors for stroke may raise the risk of developing cognitive problems.
Over the course of the study, more than 1,900 people without an evident stroke showed cognitive impairment. Each 10-year increment in age doubled the risk of cognitive impairment. Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) increased the risk by about 30%. [NIH Research Matters, 11.21.11]
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CM Excellence® Series:
» Principles of Case
» Patient Advocacy
» Utilization Management
» Discharge Planning
» Hospital Revenue Cycle
» Behavioral Health
» Colorectal Cancer
» CV Risk: Stroke & MI
» EOL & Palliative
» GI Disorders
» Heart Failure
» Multiple Sclerosis
» Obesity Management
» Pain Management
» Rheumatoid Arthritis
» Women’s Health
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