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Depression and Changes to DSM-5
The DSM system is a standardized classification system for mental disorders. DSM-5 essentially eliminates the distinction between medical conditions and mental health disorders and, making this point even clearer, the phrase "general medical condition" has been changed to "another medical condition" in the DSM-5.
Caution associated with the new non-multi-axial DSM-5 system is that, while contexts are no longer specifically prompted in making diagnoses, social and cultural information continues to be extremely important to treatment considerations.
This is the second in our series highlighting the changes in DSM-5 associated most closely with depression and disorders related to depression.
[Coming soon: Depression, Module A, Prevalence and Impact]
Noteworthy Changes to DSM-5
New Diagnosis - Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder
This is a new diagnosis for children up to age 18. This was added to reduce possible over-diagnosis and over-treatment of children previously diagnosed with bipolar disorder who exhibit persistent irritability and frequent episodes of extreme behavioral dyscontrol.
Persistent Depressive Disorders - formerly Dysthymia
What was referred to as dysthymia in DSM-IV now falls under the category of Persistent Depressive Disorder which encompasses both Chronic Major Depressive Disorder and the previous Dysthymic Disorder.
Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder Moved
Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder was moved to the main body of the DSM-5.
[coming soon: Depression, Module A, Prevalence and Impact]